The stature or human size is the height of a human being. It usually calculates centimetre closely with the international system of units and the half inch close with the imperial system. Often, when compared to other anthropometric data, the stature varies little between individuals; an exceptionally large (variance from average around 20%) is due to Gigantism or dwarfism, but generally the size found within the range of the normal distribution. The stature is determined by the interaction of genes and the environment. The final size of the adult can be reached at any time any between the beginning of the Decade and the early twenties but often to 15 years for girls, to the early twenties for boys.
The size, as well as the body, plays an important role in the development of the personality of the individuals.
One can observe the influence of the size of the people in social relations and in individual behaviours. Smaller or larger than the average size people can suffer from a psychological complex.
The size can also have an important influence in sports activities. In sports such as basketball or volleyball, a very large can present significant advantages in sports such as horseback riding or gymnastics, a smaller size is better.
In France, in 20072, the average size of males was 1.73 m and 1.63 m for women; versus respectively 1.66 m and 1.54 m in 1900.
This evolution has had a strong acceleration between 1960 and 1990: 5 cm earned in 30 years. This growth is explained by a power more diversified.
The average size of the Dutch has won 15 cm in 50 years.
Human height varies according to the genetics and nutrition. The particular human genome that an individual transmits the first variable and a combination of health and environmental factors, such as diet, exercise and living conditions present before adulthood, when the growth stops, constitute the environmental determinant.
When populations share genetic background and environmental factors, average height is a common feature in the group. Exceptionally the height varies (around 20% of average deviation) inside of that population is usually due to Gigantism or dwarfism, which are medical conditions due to specific genes or endocrine abnormalities. In regions of extreme poverty or prolonged war, environmental factors like malnutrition during childhood and Adolescence can realize marked reductions in the height of adults, even without the presence of any of these medical conditions.
The average height for each sex within a population is significantly different, with adult males having an average higher than adult women. This difference can be attributed to differences in chromosomal sex, XY (male) as opposed to XX (female). Women generally reach their greatest height at a younger age than men. Growth stops when the long bones cease to be extended, what happens with the closure of the epiphyseal plates.
Stature in time
The writer Ajmad Ibn Fadlán and other Europeans suggested that the Vikings were very high. Actually the archaeological findings, scientific research and assessments of what remains of Viking artifacts are consistent: the average height of the Vikings was from 1.67 to 1.75 m. The nomadic Viking warriors were shorter than the sedentary living in Scandinavia, due to their poor diet. 1
In many countries, the average height gain produced by a better diet increased throughout the 20th century. For example, in the Netherlands males measured an average of 183 cm (in 2004), While in the late 19th century they measured an average of 167 cm (16 cm less).
Stature and sport
The height can be, in some cases, a physical in order to access certain sports requirement. In gymnastics, it is necessary to have more stature requires greater mobility and muscles especially in bars and on the other hand in basketball players tend to have a stature higher than the average for the general population in order to reach more easily the basketball hoop.
You can also artificially increase your height with shoe lifts or height increasing insoles.
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