Plantar Fasciitis definition

The Plantar, also referred to as Fasciitis, Plantar Fasciitis is a painful condition of the foot. It is defined as an inflammation of the Plantar fascia, the fibrous envelope of the tendon which forms the Arch of the foot (from latin fascia “band”). The role of the Plantar fascia is to support and protect the tendon of the sole of the foot.

 

The cause of Plantar Fasciitis and symptoms

Plantar Fasciitis is a foot injury caused by a stretch or a rupture of the Plantar fascia, a fibrous membrane that goes from the bone of the heel to the base of the toes. This membrane is, the “floor” of the foot. About 1% of the population is effected.
This condition is mainly manifested as heel pain. Athletes are most often affected, as they use more frequently and intensely all the structures of their feet.
When such a problem is diagnosed, it is important to reduce physical activity and to have adequate care not to inflame the planatr fascia even more. Otherwise, Fasciitis is likely to worsen. People who suffered once retain a fragility and increased risk of getting it again.
Note. This condition also bears the name of Fasciitis Plantar.
Either of the following situations may be the cause.
The practice of sports without proper preparation (warm ups) of the muscles and tendons, or adequate equipment. Running or jogging, jumping, team sports (volleyball, etc.), ski, tennis, aerobics and workout on a stair climber are part of physical activity most at risk;
Obesity. It is a Plantar Fasciitis important risk factor, particularly because the excess weight often increased tension in the muscle chain in the back of the legs. These tensions are reflected on the feet;
Wearing shoes that support poorly the Arch of the foot and the heel, resulting in a biomechanical imbalance. This is particularly the case of shoes whose soles or heels are too hard, as well as those including the foothills too soft not sufficiently stabilize heels;
Hollow feet or flat feet;
Walking or standing on hard surfaces.
Moreover, we know that the normal aging of the Plantar fascia makes it more susceptible to tears. Indeed, the fascia lose their flexibility with age.
From the physiological point of view, Plantar Fasciitis is the reflection of an inflammation of the Plantar fascia (the suffix ite means inflammation). This fascia covers and protects tendons and other deep structures of the foot. It helps maintain the Arch of the foot. Inflammation appears as a result of abrasion of the fascia. Is it too much or poorly applied, of microtears or more lesions may appear.
Possible consequences
Since the foot is constantly under pressure from standing and walking, the pain may persist if nothing is done to correct the situation.
Over time, a heel spur may appear. About half of people who suffer from Plantar Fasciitis have heel spurs as well. It is a small bone spur that forms where the Plantar fascia joins the bone of the heel (calcaneus). This outgrowth formed because the bones must be organized to better withstand the tendon that “pulls” more. The outgrowth to support this increased tension. It is also called heel spur or calcaneal Exostosis.
In very rare cases, the calcium heel spur forms a bony outgrowth big enough to be felt under the skin. The heel spur itself causes no pain but the inflammation caused by plantar fasciitis to the plantar fascia.

Shin splints

Shin splints

 

Pain in the shins (or so-called “Shin splints”) are a very common complaint among athletes and especially in people who begin these activities for the first time. This pain occurs very often especially in long distance runners.

 

Shin pain symptoms

 

They occur as a feeling of tension and pain in the front of the shins, especially if the legs are heavily loaded. These symptoms improve but very quickly, if the legs come to rest.
Cause of Shin splints

 

Usually, pain in the shins are caused by excessive strain bones (tibia and fibula) of muscle and tendon at the Shin. Overloads occur most frequently in athletes, especially runners with long distance runners. An over pronation (rolling over) the feet are also an important contribution to the formation of the pain.

 

Snapping off the ankle inward leads to a rotation of the lower part of the leg. This rotation causes a strong strain of muscle ‘Tibialis Anterior’ and leads to the inflammation, caused the pain in the front or inside of the shins.
Treatment and therapy for pain in the shins

 

The load caused by sport should be restricted to a Shin pain worsening, especially among athletes and runners, to prevent. It is extremely important that run before each sporting activity warm-up exercises and stretching exercises. Pain in the shins can be through the application of ice (a towel wound 5 min.in) and treated by deep-tissue massage. Also Footlogics insoles provide good help here.

 

Footlogics Ortho correction insoles can reduce the excessive pronation of the foot preventing so the strain and overloading of front and rear leg muscles. This often reduces the pain. If the problem persists, you should consult a physical therapist, specialist or a podiatrists.

Flatfoot, hollow, fallen arches, and pronation

Flatfoot, hollow, fallen arches, and pronation
Only 15-20% of the German population have a ‘Normal’ foot. The three types of  feet they are flat feet, fallen arches, and the hollow.
(1) Flat foot (PES planus)
The flat foot is missing the longitudinal Arch of the foot and this is thus completely flat on the ground. The congenital flat foot is very rare. Only 5% of the population suffers from flat feet. An increase of the longitudinal arch by tendons shipping warehouse conditions is possible in children and adolescents. In adults, the Flatfoot complaints is treated with foot gymnastics and deposits; operational measures are rarely needed.
(2) Case – high Fußlängsgewölbe (PES Cavus)
The hollow is a congenital deformity of the foot. Case is very rare. Less than 5% of the German population have this problem. In contrast to the lowering and Flatfoot the longitudinal arch not leveling off at the lab, but the Rist remains overly strongly curved, even if the base will be charged. The case is characterized by a strengthening of the longitudinal arch, and is often combined with distortion of the toes. Therefore, the case is very often associated with claw toes.
The straps and soles muscles are very tight, thus the base load can perform no dampening effect. Shock absorbing insoles are so attached. Orthopedic surgery is necessary in certain cases. A correction of the feet requires a surgical procedure on the heel bone.
(3) Fallen arches (flat feet) – excessive pronation
This is a deformity of the foot of the longitudinal Arch of the foot is flattened. Fallen arches is called also “acquired flat foot”. This problem is very common and originates over the years through a weak muscles and by a bad piece of tissue  that can occur during puberty or pregnancy. About 70% of the population, especially older people, and people who suffer from obesity are affected.
The longitudinal Arch on the inside of the foot is flattened at the fallen arches, but there is still free space under the foot.
If no pressure is exerted on the Arch of the foot while sitting, for example the arch appears normal, but as soon as pressure is exerted on the foot, it flattens out. This is the case especially when running, racing and sports. Fallen arches (and kink fallen arches) is synonyms with “excessive pronation”. That is the flattening of the Fußlängsgewölbes and after Innenrollen of the feet and ankle.
What exactly is excessive pronation?
Pronation and Supination are natural movements caused by the normal procedure. Pronation is the natural mechanism, which dampens the shocks which are caused during the run. Relax the muscles in the foot and the foot  flattens itself.
The Supination is the opposite. Muscles tighten up again  rises and the foot on the ball of the foot and the toes after rolls this front.
The problem in our society today is that we changed too long and give our feet again to supinate not enough opportunities. The feet flattens itself and the ankle rolls inward and remains in this position for too long a time. As a result, our natural way of walking is disturbed. Excessive pronation is very common. Other causes are also weak muscles, age and hard flat surfaces such as paving slabs and floors where we go every day and stand.
Interestingly, although often inward rolling the foot, the shoe removed excessively on the outer edge of the heel. This happens because the foot usually first lands on the outer edge and as a result, excessive rolls inward as a compensatory movement.
What are the consequences of excessive pronation?
Consequences of excessive pronation concern not only the feet. Our whole body may be affected! The feet are the basis of our body. Wrong foot function can lead to many problems in other parts of the body such as Shin splints, aching legs, knee – and back pain.
By excessive pronation, turns the lower part of the leg inward and thus exerts negative forces on the knee cap. Also, if the feet are lowered inwards and the legs turning inward, is the pelvis is tilted forward and the back at the bottom more domed and charged.

Treatment of excessive pronation

The problem of excessive pronation can be prevented by corrective insoles. Developed by Australian podiatrists (foot specialists), “Footlogics insoles” can the foot arch support and so the excessive pronation weaken, cause many foot pain. ‘Footlogics’ insoles are a low-cost, effective method for many types of foot pain. “Footlogics deposits” can be very useful also for Shin splints, aching legs, knee and back pain.

Ball of the big toe – misalignment of the big toe

What is hallux valgus?
Hallux valgus is the most common toe deformity. It is caused by a deviation of the big toe to the metacarpophalangeal joint outwards and the simultaneous turning inwards. It comes in the course of time to pressure sores and inflammation and leads to complete reinforcement (hallux Ridigus) a painful arthrosis (cartilage wear) in the long run.
Causes

 

Factors that can lead to the formation of hallux valgus:

 

-a general Bindegewebsschwäche

 

-Splayfoot

 

-mechanical effects (pointy shoes)

 

-excessive pronation

 

Also genetic causes (inheritance) play a role in the formation. The misalignment of the big toe is also increasing with age.

 

Therapy and pain relief in hallux valgus

 

You should basically seek conservative treatment and consider only in extreme cases surgery.

 

Conservative treatment

 

Footlogics biomechanical insoles can reduce that caused that pain by hallux valgus. High-heeled women’s shoes is the Footlogics ‘ high heel comfort insole “very useful. The increase of Metatarsuses, which causes this insert reduces pressure and friction on the big toe metacarpophalangeal joint.

 

Carrier of flat shoes, a development of hallux valgus by wearing the Footlogics-correction – can
Insoles are largely reduced.

 

Patients who suffer from hallux valgus, can reduce your symptoms by pressure-relieving foam (the hallux valgus night splint). This foam are placed between the 1st and 2nd toe and can also reduce and limit progression of the deformity of toe the complaints to the Bale.

Pain in the ball of the foot

Pain in the ball of the foot and Metatarsalgia explains…

 

“I have a burning sensation in the ball of the foot. Sometimes this leads to stabbing pain”
What is Metatarsalgia? What are the symptoms?

Metatarsalgia is a Splayfoot, which is caused by a crippling by metatarsal (metatarsal) on the sole of the foot. This often comes to the callus formation (formation of corneal) under the ball of the foot. Metatarsalgia is making itself felt as a burning sensation in the ball of the foot, and is often associated with excessive callus formation.

The pain is aggravated by wearing high-heeled shoes as well as iterating over long distances.
Causes of Metatarsalgia (pain in the ball of the foot)
There are different causes for foot pain:
-Running in hard boots or shoes (such as when security forces, soldiers, artisans, builders
-Overweight
-Long running on high-heeled shoes or to narrow or wide footwear
The most common cause over-pronation.
The flattened foot arch leads to the long-lasting overload of the metatarsal and might call inflammatory, irritation of the tissue out, which makes the procedure often painful.
Metatarsalgia and high heels (high heels)
When wearing high heel shoes, a lot of body weight on the foot rests. The shift a painful inflammation of the tissue is caused by repeatedly under the foot or the tendon is overstretched. Most of the women wear high heels, also suffer from excessive calluses or corneal training.
For wearers of heels, there is now a new product named FOOTLOGICS ‘High Heel Comfort’.
This biomechanical insoles can mitigate the decline of arch and metatarsal. This body weight can spread evenly on the soles of the feet.  insoles can prevent excessive pressure or friction on the ball of the foot. So can pain or burning stinging in the midfoot be reduced or avoided entirely.
Metatarsalgia and normal footwear
Pain in the ball of the foot can also arise if too wide or too flat shoes. This foot pain be caused usually by Overpronation.
By applying  comfort  corrective  insoles. The metatarsal is supported with the help of a boost and to pressure or friction on the ball of the foot is reduced.

Achilles tendon inflammation

Achilles tendon inflammation (Alice tendonitis)
Achilles Tendonitis is the name for inflammation of the Achilles tendon. The Achilles tendon connects the calf muscles to the heel is the longest tendon in the body If the calf muscles tighten, pull on the Achilles tendon. Thus, the foot is pulled down in front and rolls over the toes. Thus, the Achilles tendon plays an extremely important role in the running and racing.
Achilles tendon pain occur at the back of the heel, and are often associated with cramped calves. The Achilles tendon is then significantly thickened and very sensitive to pain. The pain can be felt while running, race and particularly when jumping.
Achilles tendon inflammation occur suddenly, often without previous injury. This is is by burning, stabbing, noticeable even by very sudden pain. Achilles tendon inflammation should be allowed not untreated, because the possibility exists that weakens the tendon and may tear.
Athletes and athlete are often affected by Achilles tendon pain. The inflammation is difficult to treat because it can take no rest periods especially for athletes.
People who suffer from inflammation of the Achilles tendon, especially morning have pain started. Complaints may also occur after prolonged sitting and decrease at rest.
Causes of Achilles -inflammation
Persistent stress on the Achilles tendon causes irritation and inflammation. In severe cases, it can even cause that the tendon tears. Prolonged overloading of the Achilles tendon (for example, when runners) can help to cause changes, degeneration and thickening. Tight calf muscles can also contribute to Achilles Tendonitis.
With age, our tendons become weaker due to wear of the fibers. Several factors can cause Achilles Tendonitis. One of the most common causes is Overpronation.
Over-pronation is the flattening of the foot and the after Innenrollen caused as a result of the feet and ankles. This caused continuing overload of the Achilles tendon.
Other causes that can lead to inflammation of the Achilles tendon are bad shoes, as well as missing warm-up exercises at the sport.
Treatment and prevention of Achilles tendon pain
Sportsmen and women who are affected by Achilles tendon pain should make basically before each training stretching and warm-up exercises. Long distance and mountain climbing should be avoided in the training program.
Ortho corrective insoles can prevent Overpronation. The Achilles tendon is subjected to less, so that a cure can occur faster.
 Ortho corrective insoles can prevent deterioration and possibly prevent a demolition of the Achilles tendon.