Football boots went through a long period of development during which they turned into a complex high-tech product. The first mention of them is from the period of the English King Henry VIII. After getting hurt during the game, Henry VIII ordered his personal cobbler Cornelius Johnson made a special shoe. Soccer shoes of the King were in the list of his great Wardrobe in 1526. Unfortunately, they have not survived to the present day.
Available for the analysis of the history of soccer boots starts in the 1800 ‘s. In the early 19th century, players used a heavy leather footwear with metal insert at the front end and long lace. These shoes have metal spikes for stability and increase traction with the surface. In 1863, the Football Association banned the use of such shoes to avoid injuries to the players. Rule 13 prescribe to this account: “play prohibited boots with protruding rods, metal inserts or with gutta-percha on the sole football boots”.
In 1891, the changes have been made to football rules allowing the use of studs, provided that they were made of leather and had more than a half-inch. The spikes were nailed to the round shape to the sole of the boots. It was the specialized shoes for football, and it is significantly different from the conventional shoe.
Since the beginning of the 20TH century until the end of World War II football boots almost did not change. From 1925 onwards, manufacturers started using removable spikes. In the mid-1950 ‘s, the real revolution caused the boots with exchangeable studs screwed. These spikes can be conveniently and easily replaced, they began to manufacture from materials best suited to certain weather conditions. But soccer shoes still remained severe, with high cut near the ankle for protection from possible injuries.
Football shoe manufacturers have traditionally produced heavy boots with high cut. This type of footwear remained standard over a long period of time in Northern Europe, since players often had to play on the damp, heavy football fields. Lighter low-cut boots gained popularity in the South of Europe and in South America where soccer fields were not as rough and difficult to play. 1960-ies were marked by significant change in the design of the boots. Universal application got low cut boots (shoes not covering the ankle). Such changes in design have allowed players to move faster.
Important improvements in the design and technology of football boots developed and issued in the 1990 ‘s by the Adidas company. Developer of revolutionary football footwear model was the former Liverpool player Craig Johnston. Johnson has developed a model of the Adidas Predator, which provided good grip cleats soccer turf surface, high-quality contact boots and soccer ball. Today, the Adidas Predator is considered to be the most successful model in the history of football boots.
In the new century have become popular boots with a monolithic sole and flat thorns, orientated in different directions. These football boots to improve traction with the surface of the football field. But the increase in the number of injuries to players recently have linked precisely through such boots. Leading English soccer club Manchester United even banned players using them.