Flatfoot, hollow, fallen arches, and pronation
Only 15-20% of the German population have a ‘Normal’ foot. The three types of feet they are flat feet, fallen arches, and the hollow.
(1) Flat foot (PES planus)
The flat foot is missing the longitudinal Arch of the foot and this is thus completely flat on the ground. The congenital flat foot is very rare. Only 5% of the population suffers from flat feet. An increase of the longitudinal arch by tendons shipping warehouse conditions is possible in children and adolescents. In adults, the Flatfoot complaints is treated with foot gymnastics and deposits; operational measures are rarely needed.
(2) Case – high Fußlängsgewölbe (PES Cavus)
The hollow is a congenital deformity of the foot. Case is very rare. Less than 5% of the German population have this problem. In contrast to the lowering and Flatfoot the longitudinal arch not leveling off at the lab, but the Rist remains overly strongly curved, even if the base will be charged. The case is characterized by a strengthening of the longitudinal arch, and is often combined with distortion of the toes. Therefore, the case is very often associated with claw toes.
The straps and soles muscles are very tight, thus the base load can perform no dampening effect. Shock absorbing insoles are so attached. Orthopedic surgery is necessary in certain cases. A correction of the feet requires a surgical procedure on the heel bone.
(3) Fallen arches (flat feet) – excessive pronation
This is a deformity of the foot of the longitudinal Arch of the foot is flattened. Fallen arches is called also “acquired flat foot”. This problem is very common and originates over the years through a weak muscles and by a bad piece of tissue that can occur during puberty or pregnancy. About 70% of the population, especially older people, and people who suffer from obesity are affected.
The longitudinal Arch on the inside of the foot is flattened at the fallen arches, but there is still free space under the foot.
If no pressure is exerted on the Arch of the foot while sitting, for example the arch appears normal, but as soon as pressure is exerted on the foot, it flattens out. This is the case especially when running, racing and sports. Fallen arches (and kink fallen arches) is synonyms with “excessive pronation”. That is the flattening of the Fußlängsgewölbes and after Innenrollen of the feet and ankle.
What exactly is excessive pronation?
Pronation and Supination are natural movements caused by the normal procedure. Pronation is the natural mechanism, which dampens the shocks which are caused during the run. Relax the muscles in the foot and the foot flattens itself.
The Supination is the opposite. Muscles tighten up again rises and the foot on the ball of the foot and the toes after rolls this front.
The problem in our society today is that we changed too long and give our feet again to supinate not enough opportunities. The feet flattens itself and the ankle rolls inward and remains in this position for too long a time. As a result, our natural way of walking is disturbed. Excessive pronation is very common. Other causes are also weak muscles, age and hard flat surfaces such as paving slabs and floors where we go every day and stand.
Interestingly, although often inward rolling the foot, the shoe removed excessively on the outer edge of the heel. This happens because the foot usually first lands on the outer edge and as a result, excessive rolls inward as a compensatory movement.
What are the consequences of excessive pronation?
Consequences of excessive pronation concern not only the feet. Our whole body may be affected! The feet are the basis of our body. Wrong foot function can lead to many problems in other parts of the body such as Shin splints, aching legs, knee – and back pain.
By excessive pronation, turns the lower part of the leg inward and thus exerts negative forces on the knee cap. Also, if the feet are lowered inwards and the legs turning inward, is the pelvis is tilted forward and the back at the bottom more domed and charged.
Treatment of excessive pronation
The problem of excessive pronation can be prevented by corrective insoles. Developed by Australian podiatrists (foot specialists), “Footlogics insoles” can the foot arch support and so the excessive pronation weaken, cause many foot pain. ‘Footlogics’ insoles are a low-cost, effective method for many types of foot pain. “Footlogics deposits” can be very useful also for Shin splints, aching legs, knee and back pain.